Usually when you are developing a new feature or fixing an issue, you want to focus in your business logic. If your application delegates the authentication in some SSO system you usually mocks the response from this last one. However for integration tests, it is nice to be able to test your application against the full SSO cycle, specially if you have to use things like the SAML2 Web Profile.
Hypothesis is an implementation of Property-based testing for Python, similar to QuickCheck in Haskell/Erlang and test.check in Clojure (among others). Basically, it allows the programmer to formulate invariants about their programs, and have an automated system attempt to generate counter-examples that invalidates them.